The sun is the primary source of energy on Earth and sunlight can be converted directly into electricity using solar panels. Now this choice would be a no-brainer except for the fact that a solar panel system can cost tens of thousands of dollars. Many systems will set you back a cool $50,000 or more. Let’s imagine that you bought a solar panel with a certain maximum output voltage and certain amperage. Now you need to hook it up to a battery. All batteries have specific amp ratings. You will need to determine how many panels will charge your battery adequately. This is what most people think of when they think of solar power for their homes. Problem is, these panels are much more expensive due to the cost to produce them.
We will be searching for WHOLE solar cells, although you can save even more money if you use broken cells – depending on how damaged they are you can still use them, but with lower output. Your household appliances take alternating current. The energy stored in the battery needs to be converted from DC to AC when connecting your appliances. This is achieved via an inverter. A medium sized homemade system with 1KW output should be able to power your lights, TV, DVD Player & Computer. Your system is scalable so if you wish to power more appliances you can add more solar panels to increase the power output.
95% of all solar cells are made up of the semiconductor silicone (SI). As light hits the cells, the semiconductor absorbs the light and electrons on the semiconductor are excited creating an electrical reaction in the form of a DC charge. The DC current can then be used immediately or routed to batteries for storage. Materials: Several 6V or 12V single crystal silicon solar generating panels (10-50 blocks, according to the demand of the usage) Two 6V or 12V maintenance-free storage batteries One 220V inverter Above are all we need.
The time of year has a major effect on the amount of sunshine we receive, so winter lighting requirement tends to be the starting point for designing a system. Clam-shell chargers – clamshell chargers have their solar panels enclosed in folding cases to give protection to their solar cells and to make them easier to carry. They are very common and come in different sizes and voltages depending on the use they are intended for. They can be used with different mobile devices as they have different plugs and adaptors. Some can be plugged directly to electronic devices to charge their batteries while some are designed to charge batteries separately.
Inverter: Converts DC battery output to AC (alternating current) to power your appliances. Solar panels are great for running accessories while you’re at camp without draining your vehicle’s batteries. Their ability to provide power essentially comes down to the type of regulator they use, so spend a little extra on one with an MPPT (maximum power point tracking) regulator, as they work much more efficiently. If you’ve been RVing for any amount of time you are already aware that a good portion of the devices and accessories in your RV operate off of 12-volt DC power. 12-volt DC or Direct Current is electricity supplied by the RV batteries. DC electricity flows in one direction, from negative to positive. 12-VDC electricity is stored in the RV batteries and supplies power for components, devices and appliances that operate off of 12-volts.
Next thing you need to buy is a battery box which will get you a safe place to charge up your batteries. Then after that, you need to buy DC input model. This will help you to produce power. Battery – Depending on how much power you are producing you may have to use multiple batteries. The battery or batteries required will have to be deep cycle, such as a marine battery. It’s best to only drain your batteries to about 80% capacity before charging back up. This will keep the batteries alive for a longer time.
LED lights come in a myriad of different colours and you can even find strip lights that change from one colour to another. Because they’re so cheap to run, using LED lights around the home is a great way to provide enough light to get around and avoid having to walk into pitch black rooms, without having to fork out thousands on energy bills, which is what would happen if you kept your conventional bulbs on all the time. Monocrystalline solar cells are usually black and octagonal in shape. This type of solar cell is made of the highest and purest grade silicon which makes them expensive. But they are the most efficient of all types of solar cells and are almost always the choice of solar contractors when space is an important factor to consider in achieving the power they want to attain based on their solar system design.
Multiple solar panels can be wired together to generate enough power for the needed output. The most important factor when choosing the right panels is the semiconductor material. Crystalline panels produce power more efficiently and have a longer life span than other semiconductor materials. They should stock refrigeration equipment powered by solar or wind energy. The solar refrigeration equipment they offer can be used in homes and organizations like health centers located in areas where grid power is not available.
Watts are a measure of the power of a solar panel. This system is very flexible, you can increase the solar panels and batteries to obtain more energy, so that your computer, televisions, refrigerators and even air conditioning can be carried out through the solar energy. Solar lighting can be put to good use anywhere that the sun shines. The cost often compares very favourably with a new mains power connection or the installation of a generator, and in addition to this the power produced is totally silent and free.
The availability of 12V accessories is simply going nuts in the 4WD industry right now so plenty of people fit up a second or even third Adventure Kings AGM battery to keep up with the demand for amps from their camp lighting, fridges, winches and entertainment systems. Physical dimensions – The physical dimensions of a solar charger usually determine their efficiency. Size is a good indication of power output. After you do all this, you will require closing the lid of the battery box and for this you can use a bungee cord. This is how you can build your own solar generator. Now place the panel in the sun for about five to eight hours and your batteries will be charged up.