Blindness In Cats

The kidneys are among the most important of the body’s organ. Ayurvedic medicines can be used to treat prerenal causes like a low blood pressure, because of which the kidneys do not get sufficient blood circulation. Medicines like Nardiya-Laxmi-Vilas-Ras, Maha-Laxmi-Vilas-Ras, Siddha-Makardhwaj-Ras and Hem-Garbha-Ras can be used for this purpose. Other prerenal causes like a heart attack can be treated using medicines like Bruhat-Vat-Chintamani-Ras, Shrung-Bhasma, Arjunarishta, Dashmoolarishta and Punarnavasav. Postrenal causes like an enlarged prostate or a tumor are treated using medicines like Chandraprabha-Vati, Gokshuradi-Guggulu, Punarnavadi-Qadha, Trivang-Bhasma, Suvarna-Raj-Vangeshwar-Ras, Kanchnaar-Guggulu, Triphala-Guggulu, Suvarna-Bhasma and Heerak-Bhasma.

Irrespective of the cause, the end result of chronic kidney disease is damage to nephrons, which are the functional and structural working units in kidneys. The ensuing dysfunctional filtration brings about a cascade of chemical, metabolic, and physical changes which are typical of chronic kidney disease. Initially, the healthy or surviving nephrons compensate by increased functioning; however, this proves counter-productive in the long run by resulting in damage and sclerosis of the healthy neurons too, resulting in progressive and irreversible kidney failure.

In the majority of cases the patient has a long-standing respiratory problem such as chronic obstructive airway disease and respiratory failure is precipitated by infection. The increased secretions and mucosal edema caused by infection aggravate the airway obstruction and these result in alveolar hypoventilation. As a result hypoxia and hyper-capnia (rise in level of arterial carbon-dioxide) develop. As the respiratory failure progresses the PaO2 falls from 60 mm Hg (mild) to 20 mm Hg (severe).

Following the effects of toxins the second most common cause of acute kidney failure is where there is a sudden drop in the blood pressure. This sudden drop of blood pressure can be caused by a number of things including dehydration, heart failure, or adrenal gland failure or commonly known as Addison’s disease. Whatever the reason for this sudden drop in the blood pressure of the patients body may be they all point to the same thing, which is that the blood flowing through the kidney, which uses about 25 percent of the blood pumped through the body, would not be sufficient causing kidney failure.

Prolonged use of alcohol can cause a variety of mental and physical conditions. Consumption of alcohol affects the liver and other organs. There are three stages of alcoholic liver disease. First, a fatty liver develops in heavy drinkers. Liver functions do not deteriorate at this stage and this condition can be reversed if alcohol is not consumed. The second stage is alcoholic hepatitis where the patient may develop jaundice. The effects can be reversed at this stage if further consumption of alcohol is stopped and treatment is taken. The final stage is cirrhosis of the liver, which is irreversible and severely damages the liver. As a result, functions of the liver are affected, and a person’s life span is also reduced.

Gadolinium contrast agents are manufactured by a process known as chelating. Chelating is a procedure in which a stable complex is formed around the gadolinium to protect recipients from exposure to free gadolinium. In patients with normal kidney function this stable complex is eliminated by the kidneys, but in patients suffering form renal failure the complex is not removed. In many cases this has resulted in the development of the extremely painful and potentially life-threatening condition known as NSF.

There are different causes of kidney failure which may sometimes lead to other complications in the body. Your lifestyle plays an important role in keeping your kidneys healthy. It is very important that you drink enough water especially if you love to eat foods that are high in salt content. Make sure that you would not get dehydrated especially when you are having a fever, diarrhea, or vomiting. If you are also experiencing hypovolemia or you have low blood volume, there is also a big chance that you will get any of the chronic kidney disease as well.

Now apart from atherosclerosis and blood viscosity, the greatest cause of essential hypertension is glomerulo-sclerosis. The glomerulus are the filtration apparatus of the kidneys. Glomerulo-sclerosis is fancy way of saying that the glomerulus are hardened with debris, fibrin clots (fibrosis), and acidic waste clogging the filters. As such the pressure builds up. The inflow is now more than the out-flow. The tubules or nephrons are also hardened at the same time. we call this nephrosclerosis. Diabetes can also accelerate this process as in diabetic nephropathy.

For all likely causes, an early diagnosis and early institution of effective treatment is crucial in preventing permanent kidney damage. This is easier said than done, since kidney disease in the first 3 stages is often asymptomatic. It requires an alert physician familiar with the patient’s medical history, to pick up tell-tale signs and symptoms indicative of latent kidney disease. Persistent residual sediment in urine samples, presence of albumin in the urine, and a gradually increasing creatinine level – even though it may well be within the stipulated normal range – are indicators of gradual kidney damage. Presence of likely causes which are known to damage kidneys in the long run, should also act as red flags.

Whilst these items are still permissible in a kidney failure diet menu, the amounts need to be strictly controlled, depending on the degree of damage that has occurred to the kidneys. This is because the ability of a damaged kidney to excrete excess amounts of these substances is limited. For example, healthy kidneys can deal with as much as 4700 milligrams of potassium, whilst a person with kidney disease should keep their daily intake strictly below 2700 milligrams. The Recommended Daily Allowance for potassium for healthy folks is set at 3,500 milligrams.

There is acute renal failure, which happens when one of several possible forms of kidney disease causes the kidneys to stop functioning, It is described as acute renal insufficiency because it typically develops in a relatively short time. Acute kidney failure is dangerous because the kidneys suddenly stop filtering toxins, wastes and excess fluids from the body. This can have a catastrophic effect on other organs and on the body’s metabolic processes. Acute renal failure is often the result of an infection, an injury, major surgery, or a condition called nephrotoxicity. Nephrotoxicity occurs when there is toxic damage to the tiny filters in the kidneys. It can also happen from an overdose of drugs, or when blood flow to a kidney is obstructed or blocked.

Common initial symptoms include anorexia, nausea, vomiting, decreased urine output, swelling, pruritis, decreased blood pressure leading to death. Decrease urine output was found in 100% cases, swelling in 40% and generalized body ache in 60% cases. Local reactions to isolated sting cause swelling around site which resolves without specific treatment. It depends on whether the sting is isolated or multiple. Toxic reactions to multiple stings may mimic anaphylactic reactions. These reactions are due to the production of immunoglobulin E(IgE) antibodies, histamine and inflammatory mediators, in response to injected venom. It takes only few minutes to hours to develop in patients who are allergic to sting venom. Precipitins produced as delayed response, causes bruises, blisters and even tissue damage. Medical disorders such as encephalitis, polyneuritis, rarely follow bee stings.

As kidney function declines, the dog retains ammonia, nitrogen, acids, and other chemical wastes in her blood and tissues. This stage is called uremia. The degree of uremia is determined by measuring serum blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine, and electrolytes. Signs of uremia are apathy and dression, loss of appetite and weight. You will see your dog lose weight and become a more finicky eater. Dogs at this stage may urinate less than normal. Ulcers may arise in mouth. With the nephritis syndrome the dog develops edema and ascites. Vomiting, gastrointestinal and diarrhea, bleeding may occur. At the end stages of kidney failure, the dog falls into a coma.

}

Type 2 Diabetes

Nephrosis is a medical term for kidney disease. Urinalysis is the most used and the most simple test to do. A urine sample is studied to find out if there is protein and blood cells which are not normally found in the in the urine sample there are found red blood cells, white blood cells, casts(excretion in the urine of protein or blood cells that collect within the tubules of the kidney), or there is discovered the presence of protein, there exists the possibility of lupus nephritis, and further tests are necessary.Sometimes, it is done a urine collection over a period of 24 hours to measure the kidneys’ ability to filter waste products.

It is common to prescribe specific dietary therapy since this has been shown to improve the quality of life and survival of cats with CRF and may reduce the rate of progression of disease. Renal diets typically have restricted levels of high quality protein which limits the amount of protein breakdown waste products for the ailing kidneys to excrete. Levels of phosphate are also restricted since cats with CRF have a tendency to retain excess amounts of this in the body which can contribute to their feeling unwell. Renal diets have increased amounts of potassium and B vitamins which CRF cats are vulnerable to losing in their urine and increased numbers of calories which helps CRF cats with a poor appetite to maintain a normal body weight. Renal diets usually have lower levels of sodium in them which may help to reduce the risk of high blood pressure developing.

For those who are being treated for Parkinson’s Disease, protein intake must be very carefully balanced, especially if they are taking the medication levodopa, which is an amino acid. If there is too much protein intake, not enough of the medication will get to the brain. If there is too little, however, the medication will flood the brain unopposed and this will lead to an imbalance as well. It is very important for those who have Parkinson’s Disease to work with their care team to make sure that they are finding the right balance of protein and other nutrients for their best health.

Because end stage renal failure can cause nausea and vomiting as well as decreased appetite, it is important to get high quality protein as well as high calorie counts in the easiest way possible. Supplements can be beneficial because they are easier to consume, they are high in soluble and digestible protein and they can be more appetizing than trying to eat foods. It is easier to pop open a supplement and drink it down than it would be to sit and try to make it through a whole meal. Because kidney disease may also cause taste changes, foods that were once favorites may not be as appealing any longer.

Diabetes is the number one cause of kidney disease. In truth, high blood pressure and diabetes are the leading causes of kidney disease. This is responsible for probably 70 percent of kidney failure cases with diabetes accounting of 44 percent of kidney failure cases. The early stages of kidney disease have virtually so signs It attacks your body and by the time it is detected, the damage is so problematic that it might well be too far to prevent kidney failure. Once your kidneys fail, you have two options: dialysis or kidney transplant. If you do not receive either of these, you will die.

Some nutrients can be a major problem for people with kidney disease. For instance, limiting phosphates and potassium can be a very serious need for those who have kidney disease. In addition, during some stages of kidney disease, protein intake is limited, while in other stages the need is increased. For these reasons, it becomes very important to discuss protein and nutrient needs with your doctor before you make any dietary changes. The doctor will suggest what you need to include in your daily diet so that you can have the best of health, even when you are fighting to recover from the most serious kidney disease.

1. Insufficient intake of water: The functions of water in the body are numerous, and it has no substitute. Taking carbonated or energy drinks cannot replace the need for water as dehydration usually results in kidney failure. The kidney flushes out metabolic waste from the body and regulates erythrocyte production. However, if the blood is concentrated because of lack of adequate water, it inhibits the ability of the kidney to eliminate toxins in the body. Therefore, the kidneys need to be properly hydrated to perform its functions correctly. You need to take at least 12 glasses of water on a daily basis to ensure your body is hydrated.

Ratio of Protein to Creatinine: for some patients, the doctor will ask for a 24 hour sample of collected urine, which will show him how much protein is found in the urine each day. This test can be complicated because it relies on the patient collecting all urine for a full 24 hours, storing the container in their refrigerator and then bringing it to the lab the following day for testing. Instead, the doctor may choose to use the protein to creatinine ratio, which will estimate the amount of protein that is excreted in the urine instead.

Cats with CRF often have a poor appetite and this can be exacerbated by offering special kidney diets which may not appeal to the cat. In some cases, the use of appetite stimulants such as the anti-histamine cyproheptidine (trade name Periactin) or anabolic steroids can be helpful in stimulating an adequate appetite. More recently some vets have been treating cats with persistently poor appetites by placing a feeding tube into the stomach. Feeding tubes can be placed into the stomach using endoscopy and are referred to as PEG tubes when this is done (percutaneous endoscopically placed gastrostomy tube). Although an anaesthetic and short period of post-operative hospitalisation is required to place the tube, once in place these can be used for prolonged periods to administer food, liquids and medicines to the cat.

Because dialysis starts when the patient reaches end stage renal disease, it is common to feel weaker and to have less of an appetite to deal with. Another common factor is the change of tastes, especially in regard to protein foods, which may taste funny to the dialysis patient. The texture of protein foods may feel weird or strange to them. There are alternatives to animal protein, which tend to be the problem in most cases, including plant-based proteins and protein supplements. Proteins that come from plant sources are incomplete, meaning that they are lacking one or more of the eight essential amino acids that the body cannot make on its own. For most patients, complete protein should be at least 50% of the diet, but could be as high as 75%.

Erythropoietin: Anaemia is common in cats with CRF and one reason for this is the decreased amounts of erythropoietin produced by the kidneys. Erythropoietin is a hormone that triggers red blood cell production by the bone marrow and treatment of anaemic CRF cats with human erythropoeitin can be helpful in reversing the anaemia. Unfortunately, this treatment can be expensive and may not always have a lasting effect as the human hormone is recognised as a foreign substance by the cat’s body which eventually produces antibodies to the drug preventing it from having a useful effect. Another possible side effect of this treatment is development or exacerbation of high blood pressure so cats receiving this treatment need to be carefully monitored. There is research underway in two US universities to develop a feline erythropoietin which would be much more helpful and should not result in antibody production by the cat.

In addition to using nutrition as part of the treatment plan, there may be additional methods of treating the condition, including dialysis which is a mechanical means of removing the waste products from the blood stream, performing the job that the healthy kidneys would be doing. Surgery may be necessary to treat kidney stones and blockages but is usually not indicated for CKD. If the kidneys are bad enough, however, one of them may be removed from the body and a kidney transplant may be sought. While some patients are lucky enough to get a good match from a friend or family member, there are others who will spend months or even years on the national transplant list.

Kidney disease is brought about by a number of factors like accidents, genetic disposition and others which either damage the kidney itself, or restrict the blood flow to the kidney thereby reducing oxygen supply to the kidney cells. These days, it seems that eating in fast food restaurants lead the list of causes for kidney failure. Salt broken down by the body as sodium, accumulate in the filtration area – the kidneys. The accumulation of sodium prompts it to shift towards the blood vessels thereby increasing the blood volume through diffusion of water. This restricts blood flow towards the kidneys causing the kidneys to ultimately fail.

Early stage kidney disease is known as microalbuminuria. It is easily detected as proteins begin to show up in small amounts in your urine, due to the filtration ability of your kidneys being reduced. Strict control of blood sugar levels has been shown to reduce your chances of microalbuminuria by one third, and the chances of microalbuminuria advancing to macroalbuminuria (end stage kidney disease), by one half. Some studies appear to show that microalbuminuria can even be reversed by tight blood sugar control.

Feed your cat a special kidney diet. Feed a protein rich diet of human-quality raw meat plus small quantities of a variety of herbs, fruit, grain and vegetables. A raw meat diet keeps blood urea nitrogen levels low, a protein waste product excreted through the kidneys. Heat-treated animal protein, as found in commercial foods, is more difficult to digest and creates more waste which the kidneys must deal with. Such a diet is more stressful to the kidneys and results in higher toxicity in the blood if the kidneys are not working properly. Raw protein, in comparison, digests more completely with less waste.

}

Types Of Renal Failure

Your kidneys are probably not something you think about very often, but they are vitally important to how your body processes everything that you digest on a regular basis. Prior to any form of kidney disease being clear, symptoms can be seen to be very mild, and may even remain unnoticed by some until it is too late. It is important that if you have any of these common symptoms, to act immediately. Common symptoms of acute renal failure may include fluid retention (swelling in the body – usually the feet and hands), loss of appetite, urinating problems, some vomiting and nausea, dizziness, pain in the lower back and general feelings of restlessness. For people who are already suffering other long-term medical conditions, these symptoms may go unnoticed and may be thought to be related to the current illness. It is important to remember that the slightest sign of acute renal failure symptoms, steps must be take to help treat the condition.

As long as you are not at the end stages of the disease, you can regain normal kidney function by making some strict dietary changes. There is a diet plan that addresses chronic renal failure and the toxins building up in your system. Your kidneys may fail for a variety of reasons, but this failure guarantees that they will be unable to process all the toxins that are accumulating in the bloodstream. Without this filtering, you will increasingly become ill. It is now known that people with chronic renal failure have abnormally high levels of phosphorous in their body. You will also have accumulated too much protein. Your health will continue to degenerate because of this build up.

Acute infection comes very quickly and can be severe. The infection due to this spreads very quickly in the body, and the chronic infection runs very slowly and gets worse as the time passes. It can also make the kidneys fail. In our bodies, blood vessels filter the bloodstream to produce urine. Acute infection tries to block these vessels so that it will not be able to filter anymore. Then the waste of the body starts collecting in the body and incurs some damage. That waste starts burning in the body which causes lots of pain, sclerosis, scarring and finally the kidney failure, one of the signs of kidney disease symptoms in women.

Irrespective of the cause, the end result of chronic kidney disease is damage to nephrons, which are the functional and structural working units in kidneys. The ensuing dysfunctional filtration brings about a cascade of chemical, metabolic, and physical changes which are typical of chronic kidney disease. Initially, the healthy or surviving nephrons compensate by increased functioning; however, this proves counter-productive in the long run by resulting in damage and sclerosis of the healthy neurons too, resulting in progressive and irreversible kidney failure.

Its important to understand some of the vocabulary used to convey the state of the condition for cats in kidney failure. Acute kidney (or renal) failure in your cat is characterized by complete organ failure where the kidneys stop working altogether. Usually, acute renal failure occurs quite suddenly and can affect both young and old type of kidney disease is almost always fatal but if treated immediately and aggressively, the kidneys may regain normal functions and your cat may live a normal lifespan.

CRF can be treated by adding additional fluids to food or under the skin (SQ fluids), diet, medications (Epogen shots or oral medication) and appetite stimulants. Appetite stimulants are important because a poor appetite is a result of the disease. Adding tuna juice or liquid from canned food can help the feeding process. In some cases, force feeding with a syringe may be the only alternative. For these options to work, dehydration must not be present. This is also beneficial to an older healthy cat because it could prevent the disease. Hemodialysis and kidney transplants are rare and expensive.

Ayurvedic medicines can be used to treat prerenal causes like a low blood pressure, because of which the kidneys do not get sufficient blood circulation. Medicines like Nardiya-Laxmi-Vilas-Ras, Maha-Laxmi-Vilas-Ras, Siddha-Makardhwaj-Ras and Hem-Garbha-Ras can be used for this purpose. Other prerenal causes like a heart attack can be treated using medicines like Bruhat-Vat-Chintamani-Ras, Shrung-Bhasma, Arjunarishta, Dashmoolarishta and Punarnavasav. Postrenal causes like an enlarged prostate or a tumor are treated using medicines like Chandraprabha-Vati, Gokshuradi-Guggulu, Punarnavadi-Qadha, Trivang-Bhasma, Suvarna-Raj-Vangeshwar-Ras, Kanchnaar-Guggulu, Triphala-Guggulu, Suvarna-Bhasma and Heerak-Bhasma.

Once a person is suspected of having endstage kidney disease or chronic renal failure then he or she will need intensive medical care. It is possible to suffer from the disease and maintain a level of wellness, however, it will inevitably cause the kidneys to stop functioning sooner or later. The main objective of a proper diagnostic system and treatment is to prevent it from worsening. While the disease is not reversible, there are methods that can be used to slow or stop the progression of the disease.

Chronic kidney failure occurs in 2 out of a thousand individuals in the US. The most common causes of the disease are diabetes and high blood pressure. These two diseases account for 65% of the cases of chronic kidney failure. Other diseases are more unusual and include glomerulonephritis, polycystic kidney disease, and conditions where blockage or back flow of the urine occurs on a regular basis. Kidney stones and recurrent infections can affect the condition as well as recurrent infections in the kidney.

Chronic kidney failure is the more common disease. This type of kidney disease is usually experienced by aging cats when many of their major organs have diminished function. Unfortunately, by the time you notice the symptoms for cats in kidney failure, about 70% of your cat’s kidney functions are already compromised. This is a progressive disease and will eventually result in the death of your cat. However, early diagnosis and aggressive management can keep your cat in comfort and relative good health for months, if not years.

There are some medications, which can have some very large side affects on the kidneys. This is not a related medication, but usually from people suffering other extended illnesses. Many of these types of medications can be found in some antibiotics, blood pressure medications, certain dyes used in CT scans, and more commonly some pain killers. All of these can have a poisoning effect on the kidneys and must not be taken for extended periods of time. If you suffer from any of these conditions, it is important to try to find other means of coping, including finding ways to fix the first cause of the problem.

}

Are Renal Insufficiency And Kidney Failure The Same Thing?

Bees are known stinging insects belonging to order hymenoptera. The clinical features include decreased urine production or there may be complete stoppage of urine, oedema of legs and ankles, accumulation of fluid in the body, reduced sensory actions in hands and feet, mental disturbances, nausea, vomiting and high blood pressure. Kidney dialysis diet will not focus only on the general guidelines but also on specific measures on what to do pre and post dialysis treatment. In renal failure, the kidneys no longer function as they normally do. The condition can be either chronic or acute. Underlying medical causes are various, however, the most common known cause for chronic kidney disease is diabetes mellitus, and acute renal failure is frequently brought on by toxic overload in the kidneys, or if the kidney has a swift blood supply interruption. Coenzyme Q10 is claimed to be a potential treatment method for kidney failure.

In the case of acute renal failure, if it is recognized immediately, it can be treated and recovery is usually complete and the cat will live a normal life. Renal causes of the condition typically result from an overwhelming of the kidneys. In cases of Rhabdomyolysis products that result from the breakdown of muscles clog the kidney’s filtering system. Sepsis resulting from infection can also be sufficient to shutdown the kidneys. A number of other conditions can also. It is extremely important, that even if you feel the onset of kidney failure as being an option, to drastically change your diet to help lighten the load and strain on your kidneys. This can even reverse kidney failure if it is undertaken as soon as possible.

2. A phosphate binder. Phosphorous will be removed from the body by filtering through the kidneys. Once the filtration process is impaired, phosphorous begins to accumulate in the blood. This also contributes to lethargy and poor appetite. Certain drugs will bind excess phosphates in the intestinal tract so they are not absorbed, resulting in lower blood levels of phosphorus. The symptoms of kidney disease can include problems with the urine, unexpected or unexplained weight loss and nausea. In some cases, pain in the mid to lower back may indicate a kidney disease that is either acute or chronic in nature. Kidney disease may also lead to a diffuse pain in the shoulders as well.

Patients with chronic renal failure suffer from accelerated atherosclerosis, mostly due to hypercholesterolemia. Coagulation is usually impaired, leading to high probability of developing thrombosis. The suppression appears to become higher for lymphoid cells than neutrophils and seems also to affect chemotaxis, the acute inflammatory response, and delayed hypersensitivity more than other leukocyte functions. Acidosis, hyperglycemia, malnutrition, and hyperosmolality also are considered to contribute to immunosuppression in continual renal failing.

The other name for this type is acute renal failure. Polycystic renal diseases: These are inherited and congenital disorders of the urinary system. These polycystic renal diseases occur when numerous cysts form in the kidney. These cysts reduce the number of those renal tissues which function. The patients would have to undergo kidney transplantation or Kidney dialysis under such circumstances. At present, hepatorenal syndrome-potentially reversible kidney failure combined with cirrhosis or another liver disease-is frequently dealt with liver transplant alone and not a combined process. As waiting times for organs increase, more patients with hepatorenal syndrome will probable grow a chronic, irreparable condition that might need a combination transplant.

Certain autoimmune diseases and clotting of mini blood vessels of the kidney can cause blockage and leads to this illness. Other conditions like scleroderma, transfusion reaction, bleeding during pregnancy due to abrupt placenta, malignant high blood pressure (hypertension) can also cause renal failure. Excretory failure outcomes also in fluid shifts, with increased intracellular Na+ and drinking water and decreased intracellular K+. These alterations may contribute to subtle alterations in purpose of a host of enzymes, transport systems, and so on. Patients with chronic renal failing typically have some degree of Na+ and water excessive, reflecting loss of the renal route of salt and water excretion.

The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs. This duo produces urine by filtering substances from the blood. Urine flows from the kidneys via two thin tubes known as the ureters. Then, the ureters carry the urine to a muscular vessel called the bladder. The bladder of a normal adult has the capacity to store urine up to approximately 0.5 litres. From the bladder, the urine is excreted through the urethra tubes. The pathogenesis of continual renal failure derives in part from the mixture from the poisonous results of (1) retained products usually excreted by the kidneys (eg, nitrogen-containing items of protein metabolic process), (2) regular products for example hormones now present in elevated amounts, and (3) lack of normal products of the kidney (eg, loss of erythropoietin).

The elevated blood vessels PTH additional depletes bone Ca2+ and contributes to osteomalacia of chronic renal failing (see later discussion). Congestive heart failure and pulmonary edema can develop in the context of amount and salt overload. Get plenty of fluids into your dog. For acute renal failure, the greater volume of fluids help flush out the toxins in his system that are negatively affecting the kidneys. This is the main treatment option for acute renal failure, and your vet may set your dog up to an I.V. for a few days to completely clear out the system.

A typical recommendation for the patient with continual renal failing is to prevent excessive salt intake and to restrict fluid intake to ensure that it equals urine output plus 500 mL (insensible losses). Further adjustments in amount standing can be made either through using diuretics (in a patient who nevertheless makes urine) or at dialysis. The treatment would depend upon the stage at which the person is. The diagnosis of the kidney failure and the severity of the same are done by taking a blood test. The level of waste in the blood would help to see how bad the kidney has started to function. Further, the urine tests could be taken. The presence of proteins in the urine would tell that the kidney has stopped to function.

For chronic renal failure, extra fluids can help to thin out the urine, making things easier on the kidneys. While this will not cure the disease it will help to make your dog more comfortable. Canine kidney failure treatments are designed to alleviate the adverse effects of a chronic problem – they treat the symptoms, not the condition itself. Some of the causes of kidney stones include cystic kidney disease, certain metabolic disorders, such as cystinuria and hyperoxaluria, excess vitamin D, gout, hypercalciuria and blockage in the urinary tract. Symptoms of kidney stones include pain in the back, nausea and vomiting, frequent urine that is pink in color, burning urination, fever and chills.

Whereas acute injury towards the kidney results in death and sloughing of tubular epithelial cells, frequently followed by their regeneration with reestablishment of regular architecture, continual injury results in irreversible loss of nephrons. Being a outcome, a greater practical burden is borne by fewer nephrons, manifested as an improve in glomerular filtration pressure and hyperfiltration. When you evaluate a canine kidney failure treatment it is important to note that there are two types of kidney failure. The first is Acute Renal Failure (ARF), the sudden onset of kidney problems probably due to contact with toxins. It has no real treatment but the problem can be reversed and your dog can make a full recovery.

The most important thing for a cat with kidney failure is to maintain adequate hydration. Offer lots of fresh water. If your cat isn’t a great water drinker, pour liquid over its food. The aim of this is to promote diuresis, i.e. flushing the body with fluids to create more urine and help eliminate the build up of waste products. Treatment of kidney failure in dogs takes place in two phases. Pericarditis occurs at a higher rate in patients with chronic renal failure. In the early stages, you will probably not notice much of anything. However, as the disease progresses, more symptoms will reveal themselves, such as: frequent urination, or the opposite, urinating less than you normally do, bloating of hands, face, ankles and abdomen, headaches, itchy skin and feeling lethargic. These symptoms will develop gradually as your kidneys slowly degenerate over a period of time. This is what makes it a chronic condition.

Kidney dialysis diet, coupled with dialysis, is also used to control uremia and to physically prepare the client to receive a transplanted kidney. Dialysis is usually necessary to keep the client alive until a suitable kidney donor kidney is found. If the transplanted kidney does not immediately function adequately, dialysis may help prevent uremia until the kidney begins functioning properly. Periodontitis, or inflammatory gum disease, is another condition in which CoQ10 is a purported treatment option. Chronic periodontitis generally has a slow progression course, and may become medically noticeable when the patient is an adult. The other form is known as aggressive periodontitis, and in it the condition goes through its course – and becomes apparent – more quickly.

Why High Blood Pressure Can Be So Dangerous

During the early stages of most kidney diseases, the patient will be advised to limit protein intake to some degree. Taurine has been very successfully used to treat people with high blood pressure. When excessive fluid is normalized, blood pressure becomes normalized. Taurine functions to dampen the sympathetic nervous system, thereby relieving arterial spasm. When blood vessels relax, the body’s blood pressure will fall. Although the research is still in the early stages there have been significant improvement among the study group. This may be a tremendous discovery for so many people suffering with kidney disease. It may be a ray of hope for people who now have no hope.

Peritoneal dialysis uses a catheter that is placed into the abdominal area. This is a common choice for many people as the restrictions are not as many as for those on hemodialysis. You do peritoneal dialysis several times daily at home, and since this is the case, fluids are not as restricted. Chronic urinary tract infections over time will likely produce damage to the kidneys. Untreated Urinary Tract Infections can easily travel up to the kidney area, and produce a more serious kidney infection. Kidney infections, (pyelonephritis), quickly destroy nephrons, and can even cause acute renal failure.

Unhealthy kidneys can’t serve their purpose when they stop functioning, thus allowing excess water and waste to go unfiltered. At this point the patient can anticipate feeling tired and weak and that is because the body isn’t getting an ample supply of clean blood. Then there’s uremia the stage where the organs are no longer able to filter and get rid of any bad toxins during urination. If not treated, seizures, coma and death are likely. End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) is the total or nearly total loss of kidney function. Once the kidneys have reached ESRD the damage has become permanent and therefore irreversible. Those diagnosed with ESRD will need to undergo dialysis on a daily basis or have a kidney transplant in order to survive.

A few essentials: If you smoke, stop! Find a good program for smoking cessation. Know your numbers: Manage your weight, cholesterol, LDL, as well as hypertension and blood glucose if you have diabetes. Find a way to stay active. Follow a plant based diet, and follow doctor’s orders for prescribed medications. Some of the steps below can help you get started. The manner in which alcohol causes persistent liver illness and cirrhosis isn’t well understood. However, persistent alcohol abuse is associated with impaired protein synthesis and secretion, mitochondrial damage, lipid peroxidation, formation of acetaldehyde and its interaction with cellular proteins and membrane lipids, cellular hypoxia, and both cell-mediated and antibody-mediated cytotoxicity. The relative importance of every of these elements in producing cell damage is unknown.

This typically has a stabilizing effect on diabetic patients whose blood glucose was previously hard to control. Skin modifications arise from numerous from the results of continual renal failure currently discussed. Research indicates that this supplement may reduce the need for dialysis. Persons with kidney disease seem to have low levels of this supplement in their bodies. Therefore, taking the supplement increases the levels of the supplement in the kidney patient’s body to a more healthy level. People with renal failure tend to have very low CoQ10 levels because some of their body systems are not functioning normally.

Genetic, nutritional, and environmental elements (including simultaneous exposure to other hepatotoxins) also influence the development of liver disease in chronic alcoholics. Lastly, acute liver damage (eg, from exposure to alcohol or other toxins) from which a person with a regular liver would fully recover might be sufficient to produce irreversible decompensation (eg, hepatorenal syndrome) inside a patient with underlying hepatic cirrhosis. Some common absolute permanent contraindications (this is not a definitive list): Blood Clots, Cirrhosis of the liver, Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT), Embolism, Hypertension (unless controlled by medication, diet or exercise), Intestinal obstruction, Kidney failure, Lymphangitis, Myocarditis, Pericarditis, Pulmonary Embolism, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), Syncope (fainting), and Tuberculosis.

When kidneys lose their ability to filter out wastes, a person must have the blood mechanically filtered, or get a kidney transplant. The process of dialysis is time consuming and may be uncomfortable; also, the patient must follow a strict diet and medication regime. Transplant means permanent treatment with anti-rejection drugs. 1. Getting to a healthy weight is important. Depending upon your insurance coverage, consults with a registered dietitian for chronic kidney disease may be covered, or may be reimbursable.

Although diet, exercise, and medications help control blood glucose, diabetes often leads to nephropathy and kidney failure. The connection between coq10 and heart palpitations is that coenzyme q10 relieves these and other symptoms of heart failure such as shortness of breath, difficulty breathing, and swelling. Coq10 is thought to increase the strength of the pumping action of the heart, which is extremely important in cases of congestive heart failure. In this disease the heart can no longer supply sufficient blood flow.

The first phase is to “restart” the kidneys. Large quantities of intravenous fluids are given to clean out the kidneys. This cleaning process, called diuresis, helps to get the kidney back to function again. If the dogs retain enough functional kidney cells, body’s needs for waste removal maybe met. Fluid therapy includes replacement of various electrolytes, especially potassium. Other important things of initial treatment include proper nutrition and drugs to control vomiting and diarrhea. In the present age, when many are suffering from kidney ailments as a result of hypertension, it is important to understand the relation between kidneys and high blood pressure.

American minorities are more likely to suffer from diabetes and kidney failure. The incidence of reported ESRD in people with diabetes is more than four times as high in African Americans, four to six times as high in Mexican Americans, and six times as high in Native Americans than in the general population of diabetes patients. 5. Hypertension has been labeled the ‘silent killer’ because it produces no symptoms and about one third of people with hypertension do not know they have it. In addition to removing wastes, kidneys release three important hormones – Erythropoietin, which stimulates the bone marrow to make red blood cells; Rennin, which regulates blood pressure and Calcitriol, which maintains calcium for bones.

It is important to detect malfunctioning kidneys early, but since this disease cannot be felt in its early stages, you should see your doctor regularly who can perform blood and urine tests to trace early signs of declining kidney function. The level that is suggested at this stage is double that of the average diet and may be hard to achieve with a normal diet for a number of reasons. Protein supplements will be beneficial because they are high in protein and can be high in calories, helping to reach the right amount as suggested by the doctor, and they may be easier to tolerate than trying to eat large meals.

At the age of 55, if you do not have high blood pressure, there is still a 90% chance you will develop it in the future. As you can see, high blood pressure is a disease that most people will develop over their lifetime. Your doctor will make a diagnosis of high blood pressure if the results of your test are high on two separate occasions. High blood pressure makes the heart work harder and, over time, can damage blood vessels throughout the body. If the blood vessels in the kidneys are damaged, they may stop removing wastes and extra fluid from the body. The extra fluid in the blood vessels may then raise blood pressure even more. It’s a dangerous cycle.

The symptoms of cardiomyopathy show up, one by one, as the disease progresses through the body. These symptoms can be alarming since they are generally the same as those that occur with congestive heart failure. Symptoms you should be on the lookout for are: Trouble maintaining focus, appetite loss, fainting spells, trouble catching breath, chest pain, swollen ankles and legs, heart palpitations and feeling dizzy. protein diets. It’s extremely important to reduce your dietary sodium and phosphorus if you have renal disease. A reduced protein diet with advanced kidney disease may help delay progression.

As most patients with renal failure pass little (or) no urine, HemoDialysis often involves fluid removal. If too much fluid is removed it can lead to side effects such as low blood pressure, fatigue, chest pain, leg cramps and nausea. There are about a million of these tiny filtering vessels in each kidney, and they are responsible for removing toxins and waste products from your blood and purifying it. During this purification process urine is produced. Senior citizens who have diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, or a family history of kidney failure are more at risk for kidney disease.

Hypertension accelerates renal insufficiency. The opposite is also true. In physiology, it is always thought that diseased kidneys need high blood pressure to maintain tissue perfusion. This simply means that for the rest of the body tissues to keep on receiving nutrients and oxygen through the blood, the kidneys has to raise blood pressure. This is a natural survival mechanism which is incompatible with optimum health. 3) Kidney function will fail regardless of treatment. Unfortunately, there is no reliable proof to know what outcome will fall in.

}

Kidney In A Cat

The kidneys are among the most important of the body’s organ. Different canine kidney symptoms occur for each instance. With the sudden appearance of an acute condition, the symptoms may appear suddenly with the fast onset of the illness. These diseases can lead to dehydration which can be determined from the elasticity of your dog’s skin. Reduced or no urine production usually signals an acute condition. In some pets, stiff legs or an arched back can mean they are experiencing pain associated with the condition. Fluids might be restricted, frequently to an amount equal to the volume of urine produced. Restricting the quantity of protein in the diet can sluggish the upsurge of wastes in the blood and be in charge of associated symptoms for instance nausea and vomiting. Salt, potassium, phosphorus, and other electrolytes could be restricted. Dialysis or kidney transplant might ultimately be needed.

In addition to problems related to the production and elimination of urine, kidney disease, especially once it becomes serious, may cause phosphates to build up in the blood which in turn can cause blood calcium levels to be depleted. Potassium, which can build up in the blood stream may lead to abnormal heart rhythms and may progress to muscle paralysis as well. Bacterial infections: They are caused by Escherichia coli – a common bacterium present in the intestines. Such bacterial infection can attack any part of the urinary system. The normal treatment is antibiotics. There are instances of such bacterial infections becoming chronic and recurrent.

Other conditions that can be caused by renal failure include bone damage, muscle cramps, phosphates in the blood, itching and a potassium build-up, which can lead to hyperkalemia, which can in turn result in abnormal heart rhythms and even muscle paralysis. The cleaned blood (about 95 percent of the total fluid) then recycles back to the heart for another trip through the body. The remaining blood, which contains the waste material, is then secreted as urine through the kidneys to the bladder and eventually is passed by the cat.

Studies show that 1 in 9 American adults have some form of medical renal disease or kidney failure. Renal is the Latin word for kidney, so when you hear your doctor talking about renal problems, he or she is discussing the state of your kidneys. Renal (or kidney) disease has reached epic proportions in America, especially with the rise of obesity and diabetes. Both conditions are directly linked to chronic renal failure (CRF). When the supply of blood to the kidneys is reduced it is said to be the prerenal cause for the kidney failure. The prerenal causes could be Hypovolemia means low volume of blood caused due to loss of blood; dehydration; less than required intake of fluids; certain medication can cause fluid loss.

Emergency kidney dialysis is often needed in acute renal failure cases. Kidney function can sometimes be restored but this is not always possible. Acute renal failure often causes permanent kidney damage. Chronic failure occurs over a long period of time. It usually affects elderly cats over ten years old. As the condition gets worse, your dog may start vomiting and drinking and urinating excessively. This chronic disease also causes rough coats, bad breath, anemia, seizures, and sudden blindness. If your pet ages, or in ill health, the problem they are experiencing may be chronic renal failure. While chronic kidney failure can’t be cured, it can be managed. Feline kidney treatments can vary from cat to cat, so work with your vet to find a solution.

It is extremely important, that even if you feel the onset of kidney failure as being an option, to drastically change your diet to help lighten the load and strain on your kidneys. This can even reverse kidney failure if it is undertaken as soon as possible. Thus, osteodystrophy, neuropathy, bilateral little kidneys shown by abdominal ultrasonography, and anemia are typical initial findings that recommend a chronic course for a individual newly diagnosed with renal failing about the basis of elevated BUN and serum creatinine.

How are these symptoms related to CRF? Firstly, such cats have less effective immune systems. Also, as an indirect cause, these mammals visit the veterinarian’s office more frequently than their counterparts, causing them to become exposed to additional viruses. Other causes of sneezing could be dehydration, dental issues, or cyproheptadine. End-stage renal failure: This is a life threatening dysfunction of the kidney. Patients suffering from end-stage renal failures need long-term dialysis and may also have to go fro kidney transplant.

Change the diet gradually and be patient and persistent, especially if your cat is not used to eating raw meat. Feed small meals but often, to ease the burden on the kidneys. A tiny bit of salt can be added to the morning meal to replace the salt loss brought about by the imbalance of the kidney function. The elevated blood vessels PTH additional depletes bone Ca2+ and contributes to osteomalacia of chronic renal failing (see later discussion). Congestive heart failure and pulmonary edema can develop in the context of amount and salt overload.

The kidneys can be subjected to a number of different disorders including kidney infections, kidney stones and a serious condition called Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) any of these can grow worse and may lead to renal failure. Some people may be more at risk of acute kidney failure. For those suffering chronic conditions such as heart conditions, obesity, liver disease, high blood pressure and other organ conditions, they will have more chance at suffering from acute renal failure. Again, as mentioned earlier, it is essential to look at ways to reduce stress on the kidneys if suffering the above condition to help avoid any chances of acute renal failure or kidney disease.

No, this doesn’t involve pets running into things or cats in cars. In the world of medicine and cat kidney symptoms, “crashing” means that the feline’s condition worsens quickly and drastically. For animals that experience Chronic Renal Failure (CRF), it usually involves extreme dehydration. Most of the time, if your furry friend crashes, then you’ll need to hospitalize it. Sepsis can occur if the body’s immune system is battling infection. This can cause the kidneys to shut down as a result. Kidneys do a lot more for your body then you realize. They maintain our fluid balances, balance out some of the hormones in our bodies such as the parathyroid hormone, clean and filter wastes, and play a role in bone health through the processing of calcium. They also filter things like potassium.

Diabetic Renal Diet

Your kidneys and liver are very significant organs, thus you need to keep them as healthy as possible. 9. Seizures – A person who’s kidneys have dilapidated too far can experience seizures, shaking or involuntarily twitching in either an isolated body part – such as legs or arms etc. – or their whole body. The management of chronic renal failure consists of treatment of the underlying cause if possible, aggressive treatment of high blood pressure and other symptoms, liquid and diet control, cessation of smoking, and finally, with end-stage disease, resorting to dialysis or a kidney transplant. Since you are getting most of your phosphorous and protein from the foods you eat, the amount of foods that contain these elements will need to be greatly reduced. A good chronic renal disease diet plan will give you a list of foods that you can eat, and recommend that you do not eat others. You may have to consult with your physician or a dietitian before beginning such a diet, especially if you’re already being treated for diabetes or heart disease.

Medicare is the federal health insurance program for people who are 65 or older, certain younger people with disabilities, and people with End-Stage Renal Disease (permanent kidney failure requiring dialysis or a transplant, sometimes called ESRD). If you or your spouse have worked full time for 10 or more years over a lifetime, you are probably eligible to receive Medicare Part A for free. Chronic kidney disease may be slow to develop, while acute kidney disease can develop very quickly and can be very dangerous. Because the kidneys are important to the body, any symptom that could indicate problems should be investigated by a doctor. Acute kidney disease can lead to a rapidly progressing loss of renal function. Symptoms of acute kidney disease can include decreased urinary output, bodily fluid disturbances and electrolyte imbalances. CKD may have no initial symptoms at all.

A special diet is a must for those with advanced stages of chronic renal failure. Part of the diet is fluid restrictions since urine production gradually declines. Your intake of sodium, potassium, and calcium will be limited to certain amounts daily. A specialized dietitian will need to sit down with you to work out your daily dietary plans according to your kidney doctor’s recommendations. Why are your kidneys so important? The National Organization for Renal Disease describes the kidneys as our “internal filters,” cleaning our system of wastes through urine produced in the million nephrons in each of our two kidneys. Kidneys are also responsible for hormone and electrolyte balance. As they filter out waste, they also regulate sodium and potassium, and release hormones necessary for red blood cell production, to maintain calcium levels and regulate blood pressure.

ESRDS patients are recommended to have low fat diet and restricted fluid intake. Thus many patients need to take a vitamin supplement as fat soluble (A, D, E and K) vitamins and water soluble vitamins cannot be absorbed adequately form the diet and water soluble vitamins are also lost during dialysis treatment. Mostly these vitamins are given through vein during the dialysis treatment. Excretory failure outcomes also in fluid shifts, with increased intracellular Na+ and drinking water and decreased intracellular K+. These alterations may contribute to subtle alterations in purpose of a host of enzymes, transport systems, and so on. Patients with chronic renal failing typically have some degree of Na+ and water excessive, reflecting loss of the renal route of salt and water excretion.

Frequent urination coupled with excessive thirst, blurred vision, sudden loss of weight, and fatigue may be symptoms of diabetes. Frequent urination is induced when the body reacts to high glucose levels in the blood. This again leads to perennial thirst. If such a condition persists, the person should immediately consult a urologist. The diet guide includes cautious guideline on protein intake, fluid intake to balance fluid losses, sodium intake to balance sodium losses and some control over potassium rich diets. At the same time, sufficient caloric intake and vitamin supplementation have to be ensured.

More recently, recent research by Dr Charles Mobs, PhD, at the Mount Sinai School of Medicine, found a diet with quite high levels of fat, but restricted carbohydrates and with only moderate consumption of protein can actually reverse kidney failure in as little as two months. In fact it has been found that just four weeks on the diet may be enough to reverse the slide down to kidney failure. Although diet, exercise, and medications help control blood glucose, diabetes often leads to nephropathy and kidney failure.

Causes like pylonephrosis, nephrosclerosis, glumerolunephritis, obstructive kidney conditions due to blocking kidney stones and birth anomaly- congenital malformations, effects of some drugs especially when abused and over use of pain killer have been implicated in the chronic renal failure disease. In ESRD phosphorous levels are high as it cannot be excreted from our body. Even in early stages of renal disease, phosphorus levels can become too high. High phosphorus levels will lead to itching, vascular calcifications, secondary hyperparathyroidism and low calcium levels. Thus the calcium deposited in the bones is used up leading to osteoporosis. Hence a phosphate restricted diet is recommended.

There are about a million of these tiny filtering vessels in each kidney, and they are responsible for removing toxins and waste products from your blood and purifying it. During this purification process urine is produced. In addition to the protein supplements, Rose will be carefully monitoring the amount of other nutrients in her diet so that she does not have other health problems. She knows that there are certain symptoms that she should watch for throughout the day, such as itchy skin, which may indicate she has too much of one thing or another in her bloodstream. She will get blood draws so that her levels can be carefully watched for.

protein diets. It’s extremely important to reduce your dietary sodium and phosphorus if you have renal disease. A reduced protein diet with advanced kidney disease may help delay progression. When your blood sugar levels remain high over many years coupled with hypertension, the delicate structure of your kidneys made up of millions of fragile arteries, veins and glomeruli, get damaged and are unable to perform efficiently. Blood tests in chronic renal failure in the first stages will not be that bad. But as this process goes on, the blood tests will show some very poor results.

Renal failure describes a condition in which the kidneys cannot function sufficiently. It is an extremely serious and life-threatening condition. You can modify your diet to help slow the building up of wastes in your bloodstream, and to control other symptoms including vomiting and nausea. You will be asked to eat a high-carbohydrate, low-protein diet, to limit your fluid intake and to limit your intake of phosphorus, potassium, salt and other electrolytes. Stage 3 – There is moderate kidney damage. Generally, a healthy pair of kidneys will be able to dump any excess, although constant high levels bring with it the danger of raised blood pressure – which, in turn – can damage the kidneys.

Normally a high potassium diet is recommended to control hypertension and thus minimize the risk of stroke and heart failure, but in case of ESRD, they cannot tolerate high potassium diet as they cannot excrete potassium from their body. High potassium levels in blood will lead to life threatening hyperkalemia induced arrhythmia. Dietary intervention is necessary with deterioration of renal function and includes careful regulation of your protein intake, fluid intake to balance fluid losses, sodium intake to balance sodium losses and some restriction of potassium. At the same time, adequate caloric intake and vitamin supplementation must be ensured.

}

Successful Ayurvedic Herbal Treatment Of Chronic Kidney Failure

Bees are known stinging insects belonging to order hymenoptera. Kidney failure is defined as the kidney’s incapacity of removing waste products from the blood. The accumulation of toxins produces the signs and symptoms of uremic poisoning. Kidney failure can appear suddenly (acute kidney failure) or happen gradually over months (chronic kidney failure). Most cases are of the gradual onset type and are caused by nephritis. For both these types of disease it helps to feed your dog specialty foods that are designed to supplement your canine kidney failure treatment. These diets have less salt, protein and minerals so that it reduces the amount of strain being put on the kidneys.

If the acute kidney failure has been caused by a drop in the blood pressure then the key is to treat the drop in blood pressure. If dehydration caused this drop the vet may use hydrate the dog using an intravenous drip line. The same method will be used to flush the kidneys so they return to normal function. If the kidney failure has been caused by something other than dehydration then along with the intravenous drip the underlying cause will be treated. While chronic kidney failure cannot be reversed or cured, treatment and management aimed at reducing the contributing factors and symptoms can slow its progression.

The chronic renal failure would include diabetes; high blood pressure; chronic glomerulonephritis. The Polycystic Kidney Disease; Reflux nephropathy; Kidney stones and Prostate disease could be the less common causes. 1. Malaria, a common disease spread by mosquito bites affects the Kidney functioning. Chronic urinary tract infections over time will likely produce damage to the kidneys. Untreated Urinary Tract Infections can easily travel up to the kidney area, and produce a more serious kidney infection. Kidney infections, (pyelonephritis), quickly destroy nephrons, and can even cause acute renal failure.

Chronic renal insufficiency, or CRI, is the other type of kidney failure. Chronic renal insufficiency is sometimes called progressive renal insufficiency. CRI often takes years or even decades progress to the point that symptoms present themselves. By the time CRI has been diagnosed, significant kidney damage has probably been done and renal failure is a possibility. Renal causes of the condition typically result from an overwhelming of the kidneys. In cases of Rhabdomyolysis products that result from the breakdown of muscles clog the kidney’s filtering system. Sepsis resulting from infection can also be sufficient to shutdown the kidneys. A number of other conditions can also.

There are two types of kidney problems acute and chronic. Acute kidney failure happens fairly sudden and will be noticed within a week to a month’s time, while chronic kidney is a disease that has been forming for a long period of time. Unlike acute kidney failure, chronic kidney failure slowly gets worse. Most frequently, it effected from any disease that causes regular kidney function loss. It could range from mild dysfunction to severe kidney failure. The disease might lead to end-stage renal disease (ESRD).

Symptoms of Kidney Stones – There are a number of symptoms: extreme pain, sharp cramping pain in the back, nausea and vomiting, pink urine, frequent urination, burning upon urination, fever, chills. Most kidney stones are found by X-ray, CT scan or intravenous pyelogram in the course of ruling out other conditions. Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH). BPH is when the prostate becomes enlarged and presses against the bladder and the urethra causing urinary problems. Some symptoms include urinary frequency, urgency, incontinence, frequent urination at night, and difficulty in starting the urine stream. If not given proper care, it can be a progressive disease that results in chronic and acute urinary retention. Chronic urinary retention can turn into renal failure.

People with CKD should limit their protein intake within reason but only under the direction and guidance of a nutritionist (Source: National Kidney and Urological Diseases Information Clearinghouse). Protein is an important part of a healthy diet, but there are some restrictions for those who have kidney disease. It may be important to limit the amount of protein so the protein that you do get should be of high quality and low fat. The pathogenesis of continual renal failure derives in part from the mixture from the poisonous results of (1) retained products usually excreted by the kidneys (eg, nitrogen-containing items of protein metabolic process), (2) regular products for example hormones now present in elevated amounts, and (3) lack of normal products of the kidney (eg, loss of erythropoietin).

Lastly, the kidneys serve the important functions of regulating the body’s fluid levels as well as releasing 3 important hormones into the body: eEPOspell out Erythropoietin, which stimulates the bone marrow to make red blood cells; renin which regulates the blood pressure; and calcitriol, the active form of vitamin D which helps maintain calcium for bones and for normal chemical balance in the body. From the aforementioned facts it is established that kidney is one of the vital organs of the body and helps in due wellness of the body by performing its multiple functions in proper harmony.

When you have an acute infection, the symptoms generally come on quickly and can be severe. But the infection runs its course and is over soon. But a chronic infection develops slowly, with few symptoms, and gets worse as time passes. Kidney failure can eventually occur. The terms:”nitrogenemia” and “Uremia” are often used in relation to renal failure. Nitrogenemia is the accumulation of nitrogenous waster within the blood. Uremia is a more advanced condition in which retention of nitrogenous products produces toxic symptoms. Nitrogenenia is not life threatening, whereas Uremia is a serious condition that often involves other body systems.

It is very crucial to pay attention to the symptoms of acute renal failure. If it is not diagnosed and treated within days, the condition can be fatal. Some of symptoms may include greatly reduced urine output; drowsiness and headache; and back pain as well. Kidney infections may also be acute or chronic in nature. The anemia is due chiefly to lack of production of erythropoietin and lack of its stimulatory effect on erythropoiesis. Thus, individuals with chronic renal failure, regardless of dialysis standing, show a dramatic improvement in hematocrit when treated with erythropoietin (epoetin alpha).

Most commonly, acute kidney failure can be caused by blockages that interfere with the flow to blood to the kidneys or the flow of urine from it. However, some other common causes are household situations where a cat will ingest antifreeze, pesticides, cleaning fluids, or certain human medications. Asprin or drugs containing ibuprofen can create a severe and possibly fatal condition of acute renal failure. A study, conducted in Tassin, France, shows that longer dialysis period proves to be better and more efficient than short-period dialysis. However, people going under it find it uncomfortable to spend eight hours a day under a medicinal procedure. To cope with this, renal technology gave birth to nocturnal dialysis. It allows patients to undergo dialysis while in the comfort of their sleep.

A simple nephrectomy is the removal of the kidney itself. A partial nephrectomy involves removing only a section of diseased or damaged kidney but leaving the rest in place. Partial nephrectomies are often performed when the patient has a cancerous tumor. The urine is fluid made up of wastes produced within the body. Urine is transparent and yellow in color. The urine is made up of nitrogen compounds, salts, toxic wastes and excess water. The medical names for the two most common types of a kidney infection are pyelonephritis and glomerulonephritis.

A low GFR is an evidence of serious progressive renal disease and indicates a decrease in total functioning renal mass. The GFR reduces in both acute and chronic renal failure. urinary tract infections, tumors, stagnant urine due to back flow from the bladder, abnormal prostate growth, diabetes mellitus, kidney stones, trauma, and scars from previous infections. Pregnant women are also more likely to get pyelonephritis. Older dogs and cats are more likely to have kidney disease than younger pets. Cats and small dogs show early signs of chronic failure at 10 to 14 years of age, while large dogs may experience much earlier.

What You Need To Know About Chronic Renal Failure

End stage renal or kidney failure, by its very name, signifies a medical point of no return wherein an affected individual can be maintained on dialysis for a few months to possibly a few years; however, the inference is that the kidneys have been damaged to such an extent that there is no possible treatment to reverse or even reduce the damage. Like high blood pressure early kidney disease is a silent problem and does not have any symptoms. People may have CKD but not know it because they do not feel sick. A person’s glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is a measure of how well the kidneys are filtering wastes from the blood. GFR is estimated from a routine measurement of creatinine in the blood. The result is called the estimated GFR (eGFR). Kidney disease goes through several stages, with the final stage being end-stage kidney disease (ESKD), also referred to as end-stage renal disease (ESRD). According to the World Health Organization, an ageing population, and increasing rates of type 2 diabetes and hypertension are driving the increase of ESRD. Currently, there are over 1.4 million people on life-saving dialysis (mostly in high-income countries), and the number is growing by about eight percent every year.

Another sign of CKD is proteinuria, or protein in the urine. Healthy kidneys take wastes out of the blood but leave protein. Impaired kidneys may fail to separate a blood protein called albumin from the wastes. At first, only small amounts of albumin may leak into the urine, a condition known as microalbuminuria, a sign of failing kidney function. As kidney function worsens, the amount of albumin and other proteins in the urine increases, and the condition is called proteinuria. Chronic renal failure, which develops slowly, can have vague and sporadic symptoms. Typically, the syndrome starts with a sense of weakness and a loss of desire, followed by repeated urination, specially at night; pale, itchy, and easily bruised skin; shortness of breath; continual hiccups; muscular twitching; a feeling of pins and needles in the hands, feet; or other areas and also leg cramps.

To test for the proper protein level, blood work is used and reviewed by your medical team, which often includes the doctor, the nurse and the dietician. Albumin, a type of protein in the blood, is tested for. A decreased amount of this protein is linked to more and longer hospital visits for dialysis patients and early death as well. CRF has many causes including glumerolunephritis, nephrosclerosis, obstructive kidney diseases such as kidney stones and birth defects, diabetes mellitus and systemic lupus erythematosus, and most recently discovered illicit drugs and excessive analgesic use.

Chief amongst those is one of the highest forms of quality protein: oily fish, such as delicious salmon. This is rich in Omega 3 oils, which was shown in research by Dr Alexander Leaf of Harvard Medical School who fed fish oil to animals with kidney disease and affected a 100% cure. A 3 ounce piece of wild salmon contains 50 milligrams of sodium, 274 milligrams phosphorus and 368 milligrams of potassium. Stage 5 – There is acute kidney damage and drastic life saving measures are needed. Renal disease can also occur in the non- insulin- dependent diabetic client. The incidence of proteinuria (protein in urine) is about 25% after the 20 years of diabetes.

High blood pressure makes the heart work harder and, over time, can damage blood vessels throughout the body. If the blood vessels in the kidneys are damaged, they may stop removing wastes and extra fluid from the body. The extra fluid in the blood vessels may then raise blood pressure even more. It’s a dangerous cycle. 1. Getting to a healthy weight is important. Depending upon your insurance coverage, consults with a registered dietitian for chronic kidney disease may be covered, or may be reimbursable.

People with kidney failure opt to one of the two choices, either receive a kidney transplant or have regular blood-cleansing treatments called dialysis. Both options do not offer any assurance that the person will live a normal life. Dialysis is not a cure but a temporary solution to blood-cleansing and with transplant a regular medication is required and there are too many other complications. One of the things that may help avoid kidney failure is to keep the blood pressure under control. Researchers estimate that 25% to 50% of clients with insulin- dependent diabetes mellitus or type 1 diabetes have end stage renal disease within 10 to 20 years of beginning insulin therapy.

Creatinine is a waste product formed by the normal breakdown of muscle cells. Healthy kidneys take creatinine out of the blood and put it into the urine to leave the body. When the kidneys are not working well, creatinine builds up in the blood. This reading alone can give a good indication if there is any abnormality about kidneys. Peritoneal dialysis uses a catheter that is placed into the abdominal area. This is a common choice for many people as the restrictions are not as many as for those on hemodialysis. You do peritoneal dialysis several times daily at home, and since this is the case, fluids are not as restricted.

It is vital to prevent progression of any kidney disease to chronic renal failure as this would eventually lead to end-stage renal disease (ESRD). This is the stage where most Americans with kidney disease fear most. In stage two of CKD, you would have a GFR of about 60-89. You likely will not have any symptoms at this stage, but sometimes protein of the urine will begin showing. Foamy urine is a good indication of protein. The kidney metabolizes 30% to 40% of insulin, and as renal function decline the degradation of insulin also decreases, resulting in a lower insulin requirement. Renal failure may be initially identified when the client is evaluated for recurrent insulin reactions.

One of the most common consequences of kidney damage is cardiovascular disease. In fact, eventually, most people with kidney damage die as a result of heart disease. Kidney damage causes fluid to build up in the lining around the heart causing pericardial disease, which is also a common consequence of diabetes. In addition to diabetes and hypertension, risk factors for kidney disease include cardiovascular disease, obesity, elevated cholesterol, increasing age, and a family history of kidney disease. 1. Edema – In its first stage Edema usually just causes swellings in the feet and maybe your legs. But will slowly progress through your whole body. This is due to the kidney increasing its water retention instead of letting water pass through your body.

Urologists address renal failure by first analyzing the root cause(s). The primary objective is to make the kidney function again. The methods adopted are surgery and blood transfusion. In the most severe instances, the patient may have to undergo kidney dialysis. Then, the blood is filtered mechanically. This diabetic renal diet is a nutritional therapy to emphasize the need for a team approach to enhance the ability of each patient with diabetes to achieve good metabolic control. In this way, by controlling diabetes mellitus, we can manage the progressive worsening condition to our kidneys thereby preventing end stage renal disease.

Sodium levels may also be out of sight in the bloodstream. This is another key factor that kidneys are not letting go of sodium properly, and therefore, this too builds up in the blood. As far as treatment is concerned, dialysis or a kidney transplant are the only treatments for late-stage kidney disease. Symptoms will continue to multiply without one or the other of these treatment options. Unhealthy kidneys can’t serve their purpose when they stop functioning, thus allowing excess water and waste to go unfiltered. At this point the patient can anticipate feeling tired and weak and that is because the body isn’t getting an ample supply of clean blood. Then there’s uremia the stage where the organs are no longer able to filter and get rid of any bad toxins during urination. If not treated, seizures, coma and death are likely.

In some cases failure of the kidneys may result from a chronic condition. In these cases the resulting problems may last indefinitely, they may also result in what is termed end-stage kidney failure. These cases of failure of the kidneys can result in the death of the individual suffering. At this point symptoms may have increased in severity or in frequency to the point of near obvious diagnosis. The disorder happens in up to 10% of patients hospitalized with liver failure. It might be an indication of approaching death, produced by the accumulated effects of liver injury and kidney failure, in people with acute liver failure, cirrhosis, or alcoholic hepatitis. It is made a diagnosis when other causes of kidney failure are ruled out.

In Stage I through IV, the protein level is restricted, with the strictest restriction at Stage IV, the final stage before dialysis becomes necessary. In this stage, dietary protein may be as low as 10%, but again, only with a doctor’s guidance. Excess protein at this point will lead to nausea and vomiting, a loss of appetite, weakness and itching that is sometimes intense. To put this into perspective: the average diet is 14-18% protein and the average vegan diet is 10-12% protein. Renal failure: This is a serious disorder. Renal failure happens when the toxic substances get stored inside the body. Renal failure is caused when the system filtering blood slows down or stops working. Renal failure can be caused by acute bleeding in the post-surgery stage, drug poisoning, heart failure (congestive), injury, bacterial infection, and shock.

Unlike acute kidney failure, chronic kidney failure slowly gets worse. Most frequently, it effected from any disease that causes regular kidney function loss. It could range from mild dysfunction to severe kidney failure. The disease might lead to end-stage renal disease (ESRD). End-stage kidney disease is the level where the kidneys can no longer function at a level necessary to sustain life. The most common cause of this state in America is diabetes. ESRD generally follows years of chronic kidney failure.

}

Back Pain From Sacroiliac Joint Inflammation

Spinal fusion surgery is a common operation performed for a number of back pain conditions, including degenerative disc disease, scoliosis, herniated discs and spinal stenosis. You can try changing your position and there may be moments of freedom from the pain, only to have it return with the same intensity. This is the result of the ureteric muscle contracting and relaxing in an attempt to move the stone. A small stone can often cause more pain than a large one. A small stone is apt to get stuck in the musculature of the ureter. In this case, inflammation is more severe and consequently so is the pain. Hematuria or blood in the urine is common with renal stones because majority of the stones are oxalate stones. Although quantity of blood loss is small, but even this amount makes the urine smoky.

In general, the pain comes in waves. A wave could last 20 to 60 minutes and afterward discontinue. The pain stops with no taking up again when the ureter relaxes or the stone passes into the bladder. Dehydration favors rock formation, along with a high fluid intake to maintain a daily urine volume of a couple of L or a lot more seems to be defensive. The precise mechanism of this protection is unknown. Hypotheses include dilution of unfamiliar substances that predispose to stone formation and decreased transit time of Ca2+ through the nephron, minimizing the likelihood of precipitation.

But the most common complaint arising from renal calculi is a dull and an intermittent pain in the loin or back, which increases by movement, particularly on walking upstairs. Protein, red cells or leukocytes may appear in the urine. Therefore, it can be said safely that a dull pain in the loin is mostly an indication of a renal stone. When the body’s calcium metabolism and parathyroids are in balance, there is an even amount of bone breakdown and bone building so that the calcium storage in our body remains even and your bones remain dense and strong. When there is too much PTH produced, it results in a condition called hyperparathyroidism, which may lead to thinning of the bones, kidney stones, abdominal discomfort and general anxiety.

There are two categories of kidney infections. There’s glomerulonephritis, which can be acute or chronic, and pyelonephritis, which is an inflammation of one or both kidneys that can be acute, relapsing or chronic. Though there is no conclusive evidence, it is possible that drastically increasing the level of creatine in the body can harm the kidneys. Creatine creates a substance called creatinine that the kidneys must filter out. It is thought that a dramatic, prolonged increase in creatinine can overwork the kidneys and cause damage.

Infection of the kidney causes inflammation; this is the body’s attempt to isolate the threat and facilitate healing. Inflamed kidney tissue causes a significant amount of pain in the surrounding area, most notably in the back between the hip and ribcage (the flank) on the side of the infection. The pain associated with kidney infection is sharp and aching. Creatine causes muscles to hold water. The harder muscles work, the more blood supply they need. Blood contains fresh water, electrolytes, nutrients and oxygen. An inadequate amount of fluid in the body reduces the amount of blood and electrolytes sent to and absorbed by muscles. Muscle cramps may develop due to insufficient fluid intake while using creatine.

CT scan, intravenous pyelogram (IVP), ultrasound helps in the analysis of stone. There are various kinds of kidney stones. Some of them are composed of uric acid, calcium oxalate, ammonium magnesium phosphate, xanthine etc. Swelling is caused when lymph nodes produce extra white blood cells to fight infection and although the swollen area may be tender to the touch, it’s an indication that the lymph nodes are trying to do their job. Although swollen lymph nodes with a headache is certainly no fun, the former is an indication that your body is trying to combat infection while the latter is a warning to you that maybe it needs more help.

Kidney stones can be a cause of chronic or recurrent kidney infection. Stones are foreign bodies inside the “pelvis” or urinary side of the kidney and can allow bacteria to seed onto them. The kidney stones then become a reservoir for bacteria, leading to recurrent infection. You can also buy over-the-counter or prescription non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to minimize inflammation. Muscle relaxants can also soothe muscles spasms. During the period of recuperating, wear a back pain support if you continue with any back-stressing tasks.

Chemical risk factors include high levels of the following in the urine: calcium, cystine, oxalate, uric acid and sodium. A low level of citrate is also a risk factor for stones. The trouble may, in fact, be a kidney problem. A kidney infection or a kidney stone can, literally, bring a grown man to his knees. I know. It has happened to me more than once. There are some factors that make a man even more prone to a UTI, regardless of how good his daily penis care might be. A man who has a compromised immune system, those with diabetes, or those who are obese have a higher incidence of UTI. Other factors that might up the chances of developing the infection include men who have kidney stones, an enlarged prostate, or who use a catheter. Men who are uncircumcised are slightly more likely to develop a UTI, as are men who are over the age of 60.

Gallstones – Pain is in the right upper abdomen and will often follow meals. It can be episodic and is frequently accompanied by vomiting, diarrhea and fevers. Risk factors include female gender, obesity, middle age, and a history of having several children. Gallstones also require surgery so seek medical care for an evaluation and likely an Ultrasound. Prostate disease can cause kidney infection. When the prostate is enlarged or inflamed, it can result in a back up of urine from the bladder all the way up to the kidneys. This can trap bacteria in the urinary tract and can lead to both bladder and kidney infections. These can be very dangerous because prostate enlargement is most common in elderly men who often do not fight off infection well. The mortality rate from kidney infections is higher in the elderly than they are in young people.

It is easy to tell if the pain in lower left side of back is caused by this common problem. Usually, the pain will be accompanied by other symptoms such as problems urinating and blood in the urine. Luckily, most doctors test for this problem routinely through urinalysis, and it also shows up during MRI’s and other imaging techniques. body are cleared by the kidneys. Apart from the several other key functions, the body’s fluid balance is also maintained by them. However, the ability of your kidneys to remove waste materials is quite often impaired by the presence of kidney stones. In such a situation, kidney cleansing is very essential.

It is particularly easy to strain stabilizer muscles if you have an awkward or uncontrolled movement on a trampoline. As mentioned above, stabilizers engage before movement to protect the spine. If a movement occurs unexpectedly, your body doesn’t have time to prepare; the stabilizers will tense up suddenly in a last-second attempt to protect the spine. This sudden tensing can cause muscle strain. Kidney cleansing is a process used to flush out toxins and wastes in kidney tissues. It is also an important procedure in dissolving the highly harmful kidney stones. Through kidney cleansing, all the ill effects caused by the malfunctioning of the urinary system are cleared and the kidneys regain their normal functional ability. The cleansing also helps in getting rid of urinary tract infections.

}