Renal failure in humans are of two types: one is acute (ARF), while the other is chronic (CRF). In addition to using nutrition as part of the treatment plan, there may be additional methods of treating the condition, including dialysis which is a mechanical means of removing the waste products from the blood stream, performing the job that the healthy kidneys would be doing. Surgery may be necessary to treat kidney stones and blockages but is usually not indicated for CKD. If the kidneys are bad enough, however, one of them may be removed from the body and a kidney transplant may be sought. While some patients are lucky enough to get a good match from a friend or family member, there are others who will spend months or even years on the national transplant list.
As you already know, the human body needs protein in order to function normally. Protein contains a lot of nutritional benefits and helps build muscle tissue and red blood cells. However, when the kidneys break down, they can no longer process protein as they normally do, so it starts building up in your bloodstream. In order to get your protein levels back down to normal, you’ll have to eat a lot less meats and other foods that contain protein. In order to keep your energy levels up at all times, you can add a protein supplement to your every day diet that won’t conflict with your meals.
Chronic infection is the most dangerous among all. This infection can be found in a person, twice, thrice or maybe several times. This infection generally blocks the urinary tract. When a patient tries to urinate, it is very painful and uncomfortable. This is one of the more commonly reported kidney disease symptoms in women that occurs frequently. This infection usually happens because of a deficiency of water in the body. People forget to drink the sufficient amount of water because of work, etc., and thus this infection spreads. This is also the reason that this disease can happen several times in the same patient.
For the sake of convenience in treating this condition, the causes can be divided into pre-renal, renal, and post renal. Post renal causes usually include ascending infections, and damage resulting from blockage of urine due to impacted kidney stones. Such causes can usually be treated and removed completely, and the damaged kidneys usually recover completely in most patients. Pre-renal causes include generalized conditions such as high blood pressure, diabetes, and diseases causing inflammation in different organs, such as auto-immune diseases.
The diseases that affect the kidneys can be either temporary or potentially fatal. Treatment can be as simple as medications or can be as complicated as needing a new kidney. While you can live with only one kidney if something happens to one of them, it is never a good idea to do so because it puts so much stress on the remaining organ. There are three common tests to check for kidney failure including: blood pressure, urine albumin and serum creatinine. High blood pressure can be a symptom of kidney disease because the kidneys secrete hormones to regulate blood pressure.
Many forms of chronic kidney failure are the end result of infections or toxins damaging the kidneys. However, the typical form of chronic kidney failure is the result of aging. Chronic kidney disorder can be treated with a horsetail and yellow deadnettle tisane. This will help older cats with a sluggish liver. For acute kidney disease due to bacterial, viral infection use a horsetail, marigold, stinging nettle and cleavers tisane. This recipe will also benefit cats with kidney failure due to serious injury or major surgery.
Chronic Renal Failure: This is deterioration of kidney functioning in a progressive manner. Chronic renal failure can even damage the kidneys. Chronic renal failure is caused by many ailments like myeloma (cancer), AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome), lupus erythematosus, diabetes, and hypertension. Mentionably, if detected at the initial stages chronic renal failure can be slowed down but it cannot be reversed. The degenerative process can be kept under control to certain extent through various interventions. Such preventive measures are cutting down on protein and fluid intake and regularity in medication consumption. It is to be noted that proteins are the primary sources of waste products.
Stage 5 is a critical stage of kidney failure. People are symptomatic at this stage to a high degree, having swelling in the extremeties, nausea and vomiting, and hardly any urine production, (maybe a teaspoonful), if they are lucky. Kidneys are not filtering anything, and this is where you are placed on dialysis for survival. Your kidney doctor will now have you on some other medications such as potassium binders, and calcium binders in order to keep down toxins in the blood between dialysis treatments.
The causes of kidney failure may range from dehydration to damage from medication. In some cases tumors and cysts can also cause kidney failure. The causes of kidney failure are classified into Prerenal, Renal, and Post renal. Renal refers to the kidney itself and so the classifications imply that the problem is something before, in, or after the kidney. Prerenal refers to a problem that prevents proper blood supply to the kidneys. Renal classification refers to problems with the kidney itself. Post renal relate to the outflow of urine. There is also chronic renal failure which occurs over extended periods and may be caused by disease.
When there is a renal (kidney) problem e.g. glomerulonephritis which is primarily caused by streptococcal or other infections, there is an inflammation of the glomeruli of the kidneys. This inflammatory process brings about reduced blood supply to the renal vessels as a result of the swelling that accompanies the inflammation. Reduced blood supply ensures that Renin (an enzyme) is released into the blood stream. The released rennin now leads to the breakdown of Angiotensinogen (plasma protein) into angiotensin I. Angiotensin I is further acted upon by Angiotensin-converting-enzyme (ACE) which is found in the lungs, converting it into angiotensin II. This angiotensin II leads to the secretion of Aldosterone (which stimulates salt and water re-absorption by the kidneys), and constriction of arterioles thereby leading to an elevation in both systolic and diastolic blood pressures.
The elevated blood pressure on the other hand brings about renal ischaemia (reduced blood supply to the kidneys), thereby leading to a further release of renin into the blood stream. The release of rennin leads to a further rise in the blood pressure by ensuring that more angiotensinogen is converted into angiotensin I to continue the cycle. But the use of drugs known as ACE inhibitors can help to disrupt this process or minimize the rate at which angiotensin I is converted to angiotensin II thereby bringing the hypertension under control.
Chronic kidney failure is the more common disease. This type of kidney disease is usually experienced by aging cats when many of their major organs have diminished function. Unfortunately, by the time you notice the symptoms for cats in kidney failure, about 70% of your cat’s kidney functions are already compromised. This is a progressive disease and will eventually result in the death of your cat. However, early diagnosis and aggressive management can keep your cat in comfort and relative good health for months, if not years.