The first trimester of pregnancy is a turbulent one physically and mentally. As week 1 of pregnancy starts from the first day of your last period, it does not really count as being pregnant. It does count as your body preparing to be though, whether you do in fact conceive or not. Actual conception usually takes place at about the end of week 2, when the fertilized egg travels down the fallopian tube and implants in the womb. By the end of the first month, the embryo is about the same size as a poppy seed. While your emotions may be on a roller coaster ride, you probably won’t have noticed any physical changes yet.
Also, any woman who is experiencing nausea and vomiting in combination with severe headaches, facial swelling, sudden swelling, abdominal pain, and visual disturbances (e.g., seeing spots) should call her physician immediately. These are signs of preeclampsia, an illness that can develop quite rapidly anytime after the 20th week of pregnancy and that affects as many as 8 percent of pregnancies. Preeclampsia can cause strokes and kidney damage, liver failure, blot clots, fluid in the lungs, seizures, and even death of both the child and the mother.
The professor cited the appendix of an eleven-week fetus contains endocrine cells which produce hormones and compounds that aids homeostatic mechanisms. The professor further states that lymphoid tissue starts to accumulate in the appendix immediately after birth although it diminishes after the age of 60. The appendix is said to function as a lymphoid organ during the early years of development. It is said to contribute in the synthesis of molecules that help distribute lymphocytes to various areas of the body.
So nausea in the third trimester isn’t necessarily unusual or worrisome. However, there are a couple of serious late-pregnancy liver diseases that can also lead to nausea and vomiting, including acute fatty liver of pregnancy and HELLP syndrome. Though both of these ailments are truly rare, they are also life-threatening if untreated. For this reason, doctors now recommend that any woman experiencing nausea and vomiting accompanied by upper abdominal pain and “malaise” in the third trimester of pregnancy have her liver enzymes and renal function evaluated, along with a complete blood count.
The most common abortion procedure performed in the second trimester of pregnancy is the surgical Dilation and Evacuation (D&E). This is normally a two day procedure which begins with cervical softening and opening with the use of medications or placement of Laminaria into the cervix. The Laminaria is sterile seaweed which acts like a sponge by absorbing water from the cervix. They normally remain in place over night. The surgery involves Dilation of the cervix with serial Dilators and removal of the pregnancy using special surgical instruments.
This is the phase when you might miss your period and this is often the first sign that makes you suspect pregnancy. You will need a pregnancy test followed by a pelvic exam, to tell you positively whether you are pregnant. At the same time, you may experience a small spot of blood to throw you off track that this may be menstruation. It is known as implantation bleeding, occurring when the fertilized egg implants in the uterine lining, about 14 days or so after conception. You might also experience cramping similar to menstrual cramps when your uterus begins to expand to make room for your embryo to grow into a fetus.
During pregnancy you also need a lot of protein to help ensure proper development of both breast milk production as well as your healthy baby. The food pyramid says that you need 5 to 7 serving of meat a day and about 3 cups of milk to meet your protein requirements. You should definitely eat meat, poultry, eggs, fish and dairy while pregnant. Watch your fish intake though, fish can be high in mercury and can be harmful to the fetus. If eating fish, stay away from fish such as swordfish and King Mackerel. you can consume 12 ounces of cod, salmon, and light tuna a week. Of course consult your doctor before eating fish.
There are other complications that come with lupus and that includes preeclampsia, premature rupture of the membranes, which means the baby will be born prematurely, and low-birth-weight babies. In preeclampsia, or pregnancy-induced hypertension, you will have high blood pressure and retain fluid among other symptoms. Preclampsia is thought to be more common if you have lupus and most often it can be hard to distinguish between preeclampsia and a lupus flare. But if it’s not treated appropriately, preeclampsia can damage your kidneys and liver as well as increase the risk for a miscarriage and premature birth or even cause the baby to be very small. If you have preeclampsia your doctor may recommend that you deliver the baby early, either by induced labor or a C-section.
There are several studies that have shown that being pregnant may increase your risk of flares and yet other studies that have found that it doesn’t. This confusion in part lies with how the different researchers measure and define a flare. And also, during any nine-month period you may have a flare or flares whether you are pregnant or not, so flares during your pregnancy are not exactly related to your pregnancy. Headaches, fatigue, shortness of breath and joint pain are all symptoms of a lupus flare as well as the possibility being a part of your pregnancy. The most likely risk is that women with lupus have a slightly higher chance of having a flare-up but for many women it can be controlled with medication.
Beginning of the fourth month marks the second pregnancy trimester. At this stage of pregnancy, you may regain your lost energy as morning sickness disappears. You may notice increased vaginal discharge due to hormonal changes in body. Braxton Hicks contractions, which are contractions and relaxation of the uterus, which is often misunderstood as false labor contractions, are experienced. Low back pain and swelling of the feet and ankles may occur. Mild yogic exercises under the supervision of the trainer may help relieve the problem. Kegel exercise i.e. tightening the muscle around the vagina and anus should be done in this stage of pregnancy. This would tone and strengthen the pelvic muscles that take part during the labor contractions. Stretch marks-a great sign of worry for the-to-be moms may be visible. Avoid itching the abdominal area to reduce the chances of pregnancy stretch marks.
Doctors estimate the duration of pregnancy in weeks. The due date is estimated, but the majority of babies born between 38 and 42 weeks after the first day of last menstrual period of women, or between 36 and 38 weeks after conception (when the sperm fertilizes the egg). Only a small percentage of women giving birth at the estimated delivery date. The second trimester pregnancy starts from the 13th to the 26th week of pregnancy. Fetal abnormalities and the mother’s life being affected to the pregnancy do not commonly present themselves until the second trimester of pregnancy.}